The principle to retain a healthy physical shape is simple – as much energy is ingested as much is consumed, however, it is not a secret that often the unused energy causes fat to accumulate that is followed by the chronic disease overweight. Overweight is widespread and rapidly increasing health problem that can cause invalidity and decrease the life quality and length.
Bariatric surgery is a surgical method that treats patients with a diagnosed disease – overweight. The surgery is the only way how to achieve a significant and long-term weight loss and how to prevent other diseases caused by overweight. After the surgery, patients loose up to 80% overweight in 6 months to 2 years. Many diseases related to overweight, for example, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol level, insomnia, hormonal problems and infertility disappear or the condition improves after the surgery. Moreover, the mental health of the patient improves, depression and fear disappears.
- stomach bypass surgery;
- stomach resection (vertical banded gastroplasty).
Stomach bypass surgery
The principle on the basis of bariatric surgeries is to achieve that the patient would consume as small amount of food as possible, at the same time providing the body with the necessary nutrients. During the stomach bypass surgery the stomach in the area of oesophagus is cut in to uneven parts. The small intestine is attached to the smallest upper part (capacity of 20 mL). As a result the largest part of the stomach is not involved in the digestion and absorption processes. After the surgery patient is able to consume a very small amount of food and digestion is very slow. As a result of a successful surgery, the weight loss during a year is 50% of the initial. Stomach bypass surgery is the so called golden standard, as it has been successfully performed in the USA for 30 years.
Stomach resection (vertical banded gastroplasty)
Stomach resection (vertical banded gastroplasty) is technically easier surgery than the bypass surgery. During the surgery the upper alimentary tract is narrowed that reduces the amount of food consumed. A narrow pipe is placed in the stomach which make it difficult for a solid food to move from the oesophagus to the wider part of the stomach. Food does not stay in the stomach (that has become more narrow as a result of the surgery) and it gets to the intestinal tract faster. As a result the secretion of stomach is reduced, which leads to a loss of weight.
We recommend having the bariatric surgery, if your BWI is:
- 40 and more;
- 35 and more with other diseases, for example, Type 2 diabetes, hypertony, diseases of bones and joints etc.;
- to reduce the risk of other diseases related to overweight.
Additional information is available via phone 26573340.