It is also known as therapeutic horseback riding. In equine-assisted therapy, the horse is the main therapeutic element who affects all the patient’s sensory systems. When sitting on the back of a specially trained horse, the rhythmic and three-dimensional movements of the animal also train the rider’s muscles, reduce muscle tension, improve balance, stimulate gait, promote person’s self-control abilities, have a positive effect on both the somatic and the psychological condition. Equine-assisted therapy is used as a rehabilitation method in both children and adults after different injuries, neurological diseases, for people with neuropathies, central and peripheral nervous system diseases, with coordination disorders, it is also helpful for locomotor system diseases, after a stroke, tick-borne encephalitis and other ailments. Equine-assisted therapy also helps to treat depression and sleep disorders.