The Biggest Resort City on the Shores of the Baltic Sea
Jurmala is the biggest resort city on the shores of the Baltic Sea in a comfortable geographical location – just twenty kilometres from the capital of Latvia, Riga, and in several hours ride in a car from Tallinn and Vilnius. The presence of the sea, the 24 kilometres long beach and the romantic wooden architecture ensure the unique ambience of the city. The city is approximately two hundred years old and was founded around the time Europe learned about the healing properties of the sea and the first resorts appeared. In our day wild nature, modern spa hotels, cultural heritage and a contemporary city for entrepreneurship and holidays coexist in Jurmala.
- Wooden architecture – with holiday homes with ornamental towers and glass verandas – is one of the most memorable features of Jurmala. Wood was chosen as a material for construction of resort buildings as early as in the middle of the 19th century, when holidaymakers wishing to escape the stone walls of the cities came to Jurmala. The special aesthetics of the wood embody the themes of Neoclassicism, Art Nouveau and National Romanticism characteristic of the particular time. Visitors are welcome to cultural spaces in several restored holiday homes: the holiday home of Rainis and Aspazija, Aspazija's House, “Raiņa sēta”, Bulduri Exhibition House.
- Jomas street between Majori and Dzintari is the central artery of Jurmala – a pedestrian street – numerous holidaymakers and visitors from abroad flock to it. A legend tells that at the time in the location of the present-day Jurmala were still fields of sand, under the influence of wind rows of dunes and troughs ("jomas" in Latvian) rose. One of them later became the modern day Jomas street. Numerous cafés and restaurants populate Jomas street, along with a supermarket and a cinema.
- Railway stations mark key locations on the map of the city. Names of railway stations correspond to 13 of the 16 parts of the city: Priedaine, Lielupe, Bulduri, Dzintari, Majori, Dubulti, Jaundubulti, Pumpuri, Melluzi, Asari, Vaivari, Sloka and Kemeri, with just a few minutes ride between them. Railway is a comfortable means of travelling around Jurmala and reaching any part of it. At some stations tours into the history of architecture of the city take place, but at Dubulti station one can enjoy contemporary art. Construction of railway once became a factor that helped along the development of the city and the hum of railway tracks has become an inalienable sound of everyday life in Jurmala.